Community Mobilization and Child rights Training


Community Mobilization and Child rights Training

Objectives of the report

This is the report meant to be submitted to UNICEF and Y4C project stakeholders as part of the contractual agreement for the training program for the youth for change (Y4C) project. The main objective of the report is taking stock of the activities undertaken in the overall period of the training, the achievements, lessons learned challenges – if any – and recommendations that would make the future activities successful. It also partly satisfies contractual agreement concerning reporting.


I.  Introduction

The community mobilization on child rights training was organized and conducted by PSA in Cooperation with UNICEF was conducted for 3 days from 20 March through 22 March 2016. Beneficiary of the training were 30 community members from Bosaso which included officials from various agencies and organizations.

II. Training design and Methodology

The training contents were based on training documents and experience which conform to universal children rights context. Prior to the training, trainer consulted widely to get a common accord on the contents.

Through the process, the trainers used the interactive/participatory teaching approaches rather than lecture to stimulate the learning environment more participatory and active. This approach included participatory process and study circle, leading topics, brainstorming, icebreaker, quiz and group work exercises, followed by power-point presentations and discussion were used to elicit participants’ activeness in the training.

III. Beneficiary of the training

The training on Child Rights is designed for child care taker, social worker and all stakeholders who work either directly or indirectly on children issues.

IV. Objective of the training

  • To develop violence tackling measures in the community
  • Educate the Community about demilitarizing processes
  • To build a culture of respect for the rights of children
  • Understand child rights in regard to Islam religion
  • Formulate new strategies for child protection, rehabilitation, integration and care.
  • Develop district level plan to discourage violence against children
  • Identification of child abuses that exist around us and how to protect them.

V.  Training Process

The training process was described about introduction to participants, trainers, participants’ expectations, course content, and evaluation including training assessment.

1‐ Participants:

The number of participants were 30 who consisted 16  Village Committees members, 4 IDP committees members,1 Elders, 2 Sheikhs , 1 Teacher, Youth representative ,MOE representative, MOWDAFA representative, Ministry of Youth representative, Bosaso municipality representative, representative from police department.

2‐ Course Contents

The training was mainly on child rights and related issues. After a wide consultation and deliberation PSA successfully develop and came up with 3 day‐training content were developed and delivered in line with the objective of the training.


  • Who is a child
  • Child development and growth (ages)
  • What are child rights
  • Convention on the Rights of the Child
  • Child protection (protection issues)
  • Child Abuse & Neglect (physical, psychologically
  • Child exploitation
  • Child Abuse and effects
  • Child violence prevention
  • Child rights in Islam


  • Child labour/working children
  • Street Children
  • Child in hostilities
  • Children with conflict community norms
  • Children from disadvantageous groups
  • Separated and unaccompanied children
  • Alert to signs of stress in children.
  • Difference between children’s rights and youth rights
  • Child committees (functions)

Prevention of violence on children within community setting


  • Parental powers
  • Limitations of parental powers
  • How to Develop a Good Parent and Child Relationship
  • Recruitment and Use of Children in Armed Forces and Groups
  • FGM and its effects and complications
  • Promotion of Children rights
  • Group work & Group Presentation
  • Working with Children
  • Community protection of children in general
  • Developing  district level plan to discourage violence against children
  1. 3.  Trainers

Mr. Mustaph Mohammed facilitated the training for the 3 days; he has a wide experience as a trainer on child rights and related issues.

                       The components of the training

The Child rights

First of all the facilitator open the session of the first day training by taking the participants through the sets of Children’s rights, they  learnt that they are special protection and care afforded to minors, he defined child as any human person who has not reached the age of eighteen years and that children’s rights includes their right to association with both parents, human identity as well as the basic needs for physical protection, food, education, health care, and general care for the development of the child.

The participants learnt that child rights include equal protection of the child’s civil rights, and freedom from discrimination on the basis of the child’s race, gender, sexual orientation, gender identity, national origin, religion, disability, color, ethnicity, or other characteristics.

The participants learnt that children’s rights range from allowing children the capacity for autonomous action to the enforcement of children being physically, mentally and emotionally free from abuse and that everyone has a role to play in achieving universal children rights.

The Convention on the Rights of the Child

On convention on the rights, they were reminded that it is the responsibility of everyone to play a role in achieving a common goal, the learnt that the rights enables the children to develop their full potential, which include freedom from hunger and want, neglect and abuse. He also added that children are neither the property of their parents nor are they helpless objects of charity. He said that children are human beings and are the subject of their own rights. He used the UNICEF Convention that stipulates a child as an individual and as a member of a family and community, with rights and responsibilities appropriate to his or her age and stage of development.



Difference between children’s rights and youth right

The facilitator used the session to ask the participants the difference between children rights and youth rights and a number of opinions were raised, for instance, the said that children are not allowed to vote, to marry, to engage in paid employment in contrast to the youth, Other aspects included how adults see and treat youth, and how open society is to youth participation.

The facilitator added that child protection is the process of protecting individual children identified as either suffering, or likely to suffer, significant harm as a result of abuse or neglect.


The 8 common protection issues in Somalia

The facilitator engaged the participants on brainstorming session on the common child protection issues in Somalia context, the issues named were violence against children (FGM), Child labor/working children, Street children, children in hostilities, children with conflict community norms , children from disadvantageous groups, child exploitation, child solder (militia & governments.

All the issues raised were precise to the points, the facilitator explained each point raised in depth using case studies and experiences from all the participants.

Violence against children were agreed to be FGM/C, corporal punishments, torture, maiming, Happens at home, school, neighbors, in town, jail and stations

Child exploitation was defined to be working long hour returns according to Free time/ leisure to play or visit friend or relatives Physical, emotional and psychological harms

Child labor/working children was categorised to be those children already employed in casual jobs at a tender age instead of going to school, for instance school drop outs , Physical, emotional and psychological risks

Child in hostilities we mentioned to be those in in militia groups, checkpoints and clan conflicts/war who are always, school dropouts, Parents disobeyers, detained in jails or police stations, IDP and refugees

Child Abuse & Neglect

The participants we reminded that there are different forms of child abuse that include neglect, sexual, physical and emotional abuse.

Child negligence was affirmed as a continued failure by a parent or caregiver to provide a child with the basic things needed for his or her proper growth and development, such as food, clothing, shelter, medical and dental care and adequate supervision.

In addition, it was deliberated that sexual abuse is when someone involves a child or young person in a sexual activity by using their power over them or taking advantage of their trust.

Second scenario is often children or young people are bribed or threatened physically and psychologically to make them participate in the activity.

Another category of abuse that the facilitator mentioned is the emotional abuse or psychological harm where serious psychological harm can occur where the behaviour of their parent or caregiver damages the confidence and self-esteem of the child or young person, resulting in serious emotional disturbance or psychological trauma.

The trainees were reminded that children have the right to an adequate standard of living, health care, education, and services, and to play, and recreation, these include a balanced diet, a warm bed to sleep in, and access to schooling and that parents affect the lives of children in a unique way, and as such their role in children’s rights has to be distinguished in a particular way. Particular issues in the child-parent relationship include child neglect, child abuse, freedom of choice, corporal punishment, and child custody.


Limitations of parental powers

In a heated debate parent came to realize that parents do not have absolute power over their children and that parents are subject to criminal laws against abandonment, abuse, and neglect of children.

As per the international human rights law provides, it is clear that manifestation of one’s religion may be limited in the interests of public safety, for the protection of public order, health or morals, or for the protection of the rights and freedoms of others


How to Develop a Good Parent and Child Relationship

In addition, the participants were trained on the importance having good relationships between the parents and their children. They learn that it should be void from anger, violence, discrimination, to mention but the least. And that a child is a gift to every family and parents have great responsibility in catering for their children as parents are earth god to them.

They also learnt that parents should spend plenty of time with their children because this will later ensure that they know they are being cared for and loved. This will also lead to wellbeing of the family.

Main points

  • Ask questions with a mild voice
  • Monitor your child’s attitude.
  • Tell your child what they are meant to know


4. Training Evaluation


         4.1 Pre‐ and Post‐Test and Evaluation

Trainers conducted Pre‐ and Post‐test to assess the knowledge of participants before and after the training.

The assessment which was done through questions and answers session showed good understanding on the child right issues among the participants within the 3 days of the training. It showed that all participants increased their knowledge on child right issues in line with the objective of the training.


4.2 Course Assessments

Course assessment was used to look for weakness and strength in order to improve the training quality for the next training.

Training content: Is the main component of the training. Topics delved onchild rights in the convention on the Rights of the Child and Alternative Care for Children. For details, please see above training course content.

Trainers: the training methodology used by the trainers conformed to the standard of pedagogue, clear explanation with example, and case studies and group discussion to further support each topic which made it easy to understand, draw attention and vibrancy throughout the training.

Participation of trainees: all trainees participated actively in the group discussion, giving opinion, feedback, and even energized games.

Training materials: hand‐out on the Convention on the Rights of the Child, Alternative Care Policy, Law on Press, Forms relating to various children issues and challenges.

Training preparation: Everything is good prepared (training hand‐out, snack, training material and training facility)


4.3 Strengths

  • Trainees had prior knowledge on child rights issues.
  • Trainees had opportunity to talk and to share their idea and experience with each other.
  • Group work and the sessions in general provoked strengthening of knowledge and co‐operation with the team. They were noticeably supportive and participatory. In order to clarify the participants’ understanding of each day, the facilitators encouraged each participant to review what they had learnt from the previous day.
  • The attendance throughout the training was encouraging. They actively listening to trainers and actively participated in group discussion and role play.
  • Participatory approach encouraged the participants to buil good relation with classmates and trainers.


4.4  Constraints

The period was short yet there is a lot to cover on the child rights issues.


                Final session – Conclusion remarks and feedback:

Workshop evaluation forms were filled in by participants followed by the concluding remarks from various participants. They thanked UNICEF and the facilitators for a successful completion of the training workshop and reiterated that they will put into practice what they have learned diligently in their day to day lives.