Terms of Reference (TOR) for juvenile justice system situational assessment in Garowe, Puntland, Somalia.


Organization Puntland youth and social development association (PSA)
Project Garowe juvenile diversion program
Position type Consultancy
Study/ assessment topic juvenile justice system situational assessment in Garowe
Position location Garowe district
Duration 1-30 Jan 2021
Reporting to Program manager
Working with UNICEF
Starting date 1 Jan 2020


  1. Background

PSA is a vibrant local NGO that has been involved in various community-based programs since its inception in2002, our main projects scope being on behavioral/attitudinal change comprising SGBV, FGM/C, Child protection and peace building across Punt land.

For the last 18 years, we have closely worked with IDPs. Host community, returnees, refugees, and asylum seekers (RAS) on various projects, including SGBV/CCCM, CAAFAG and livelihood projects. Through working with different international organizational and UN agencies such as UNHCR, UNICEF, WFP and SSF for the last four years we have had opportunity to gain immense experience by implementing child protection projects that have given us impetus to bring change and handle more complex programs under child protection scopes.

  • Project background

In 2016, Puntland Juvenile Justice Law was enacted paving the way the implementation of international standard juvenile diversion program. Throughout this process, Ministry of Justices, Religiois Affairs and Constitution and Rehabilitation (MOJRAR) in partnership with UNICEF and PSA conducted various studies including  , diversion implementation framework,diversion policy, nomination of diversion task force  andprobation officersand development of their TORs to develop comprehensive theoretical framework for the program. However, the main challenge, despite the substantial theoretical progress made, was to develop the blueprint for global best practices in line with spirit and letter of the JJL which is applicable to the local context.

In November 2019,MOJRAR with UNICEF and other stakeholders reviewed and updated the implementation plans of the Juvenile Justice Act with the aim of accelerating the adoption of the new act and its principles. The revised implementation plan of the Juvenile justices  act for 2020 – 22 is intended to strengthening the capacity and performance of the emerging juvenile justice system in coordination with relevant government and justice institutions and partners from CSOs, I/NGOs and UN. The revised three-year implementation plan has the following core focus areas:

  • Promotion of effective prevention, diversion and reintegration mechanisms for children in conflict with the law.
  • Strengthening community engagement in prevention, rehabilitation and reintegration of children in conflict with the law.
  • Building the capacity of relevant public and civic institutions to enable diversion, probation and reintegration as well as proper case management and referral systems.

The diversion project stakeholders include: MOJRAR, MOWDAFA, Attorney general, CID & Police department, ADR, Civilian courts and other probation officers, UNICEF and PSA.

PSA is going to take lead on case management, screening, referral, and overall project coordination and communication in partnership with the MOJRAR. Furthermore, PSA shall play critical role in the gathering, processing and analysis of the juvenile diversion data for not only monitoring purposes by also research and impact assessment.

  1. Diversion project objectives

The potential goals for diversion programs are many, and could include: reducing youth recidivism; decreasing repeat offending, thereby contributing to public safety. Providing treatment or other services needed by youths; assuring that youth who are in need of intervention and treatment receive services that will help to reduce the likelihood of future offending and meet their developmental and problem-related needs. Assuring youths are held accountable for their actions; Assuring that youth while avoiding adjudication—understand the seriousness of their actions and the effects that their behaviors may have on the victim(s), community and their family,

  • Juvenile justice system assessment objectives

The assessment planned seeks to its undertaking will help the diversion program to identify the effectiveness and the challenges of the juvenile justice system( JJS) in Garowe and its degree of success by gathering primary data from the juvenile justices system key  stakeholders in Garowe such as the courts, prosecutors, Police & CID officers. The assessment will inform the diversion program on the capacity of the institutions and personnel and the appropriate piloting of the diversion program in Garowe district.

  • Assessment guiding questions

The following are the core objectives of the juvenile assessment

  • What are the current situation analysis for the stakeholders of the juvenile justice system in Puntland?
  • What are the roles and responsibilities of the different stakeholders involved in the juvenile justice system?
  • How is the quality of juvenile justice services delivery in Puntland?
  • What are the gaps and challenges that faces the juvenile justice system in Puntland?
  • What are recommendations to improve the gaps in the system?
  1. Methodology

The consultant will be required to create the JJS situational assessment tools such as questioners  to guide the conduct of the baseline assessment. Which means the tools used should be relevant to the assessment and capable of capturing the existing good practices and the  initial gap juvenile justice system and how the relevant agencies implement the juvenal justices act.

The JJS assessment shall be required to be a participatory and inclusive one to ensure balanced collection of views and also allow for situational analyses. The consultant will closely work with the program staff and Program Manager in Garowe to obtain the relevant background documents. UNICEF/MOJARAR will provide key relevant documents to support in the planning of the JJS assessment.

The data and information obtained from the assessment will be quantitatively and qualitatively analyzed. The consultant’s assignment will provide an analysis and discussion of facts and data within the assignment context.

  1. Scope of work for the consultant

The consultancy of the JJS evaluation assessment will be expected to undertake the following;

  1. Develop JJS assessment tools for use in the core inquire areas as agreed
  2. Develop a scientific sampling for collection the data.
  3. Generate diversion assessment questionnaire
  4. Train the diversion staff on the collection of assessment data
  5. Support the field collection of data in the indicated diversion program location.
  6. Undertake analysis of the collected data and prepare a draft report for feedback from PSA and UNICEF.
  7. Presentation of assessment findings

The consultant must prepare JJS assessment report working closely with PSA/UNICEF project team. The report will document findings and provide a benchmark for measuring outcomes of Project interventions as defined by the broader thematic areas required

  1. Required consultant

The diversion assessment undertaking will require a consultant to help undertake the assignments within the required period of 30 days. The consultant will also be supported in undertaking the required fieldwork by a team of project staff.

The consultant should meet the minimum requirements described. Key qualifications shall include:-

  1. Have a University degreeof social sciences.
  2. Have Previous work undertaking similar assessments and studies in the past with in Somalia,
  3. Have Capacity to undertake concise and informative analysis based on data and information collected.
  4. Assignment deliverables
  5. Approved Juvenile justice system assessment questionnaire for the use in the core inquiry areas as agreed.
  6. Inception report: includes initial workplan and proposal for the JJS assessment outlining the proposed methodology, assessment questionnaire, process of data collection and analysis.
  7. Draft report of the JJS assessment for the feedback and comments from PSA team.
  8. Presentation on the main findings of the JJS assessment at field level involving program team, judiciary representatives and line up ministries.
  9. Final report in English which includes:
  • Introduction
  • Summary of findings
  • Methodology
  • Findings
  • Conclusion and recommendations as per the program outputs and activities
  • Annexes with data used for analysis.
  1. Consultant duration

The consultancy will be for 30 days and it’s applicable for the consultant.

  1. How to apply

Qualified candidates are requested to electronically submit their CVs and cover letters to the human resource manager, Punt land youth and social development association using the following email address:- [email protected] by 31st December, 2020.